Information is often described as a source of knowledge and as a framework in which to understand the world. Information may be regarded as the logical extension of the idea of truth; it renders the question of what an object is answered to, and therefore defines both the nature and the essence of its attributes. The concept of information also has various other meanings in various contexts. In business for instance, information is the means by which managers and other employees are able to coordinate activities of the company.
Information, like any other form of representation, is a mere way of representation. This represents something in terms of a certain arrangement of numbers, in terms of a set of arbitrary objects, or in terms of a set of generalized conventions. Information systems, on the other hand, attempt to represent information in terms of an original conceptual structure, a series of linguistic signs, or some other sort of informational equivalent. For example, in computer programming, a programmer uses syntax trees to represent a program’s structure in a syntax tree, and in the logical language, a programmer uses a generalized abstraction to represent an instance of some business transaction.
Information systems are evolving to suit the ever-changing demands of business, both technological and social. One such system is Information Technology. The information systems of today, however complex they may appear, are nothing compared to what Henry Beamwave called “the Information Superhighway”. The Information Superhighway unites physical information with logical information in the form of user manuals, instruction manuals, technical manuals, and so forth. The Superhighway thus provides users access to virtually all forms of information, including multimedia and Internet information systems.